Stanford Parser 标记含义


Stanford Parser是一个很好的语法分析工具,但在使用的时候发现有很多不认识的标签,经过一番查找,将其列出供大家参考:



CC: conjunction, coordinatin 表示连词


    &'n and both but either et for less minus neither nor or plus so

    therefore times v. versus vs. whether yet


CD: numeral, cardinal 表示基数词


    mid-1890 nine-thirty forty-two one-tenth ten million 0.5 one forty-

    seven 1987 twenty '79 zero two 78-degrees eighty-four IX '60s.025

    fifteen 271,124 dozen quintillion DM2,000...


DT: determiner 表示限定词


    all an another any both del each either every half la many much nary

    neither no some such that the them these this those


EX: existential there 存在句



FW: foreign word 外来词


    gemeinschaft hund ich jeux habeas HaementeriaHerr K'ang-si vous

    lutihaw alai je jour objets salutaris fille quibusdam pas trop Monte

    terram fiche oui corporis ...


IN: preposition or conjunction, subordinating 介词或从属连词


    astride among uppon whether out inside pro despite on by throughout

    below within for towards near behind atop around if like until below

    next into if beside ...


JJ: adjective or numeral, ordinal 形容词或序数词


    third ill-mannered pre-war regrettable oiled calamitous first separable

    ectoplasmic battery-powered participatory fourth still-to-be-named

    multilingual multi-disciplinary ...


JJR: adjective, comparative 形容词比较级


    bleaker braver breezier briefer brighter brisker broader bumper busier

    calmer cheaper choosier cleaner clearer closer colder commoner costlier

    cozier creamier crunchier cuter ...


JJS: adjective, superlative 形容词最高级


    calmest cheapest choicest classiest cleanest clearest closest commonest

    corniest costliest crassest creepiest crudest cutest darkest deadliest

    dearest deepest densest dinkiest ...


LS: list item marker 列表标识


    A A. B B. C C. D E F First G H I J K One SP-44001 SP-44002 SP-44005

    SP-44007SecondThirdThreeTwo* a b c d first five four one six three


MD: modal auxiliary 情态助动词


    can cannot could couldn't dare may might must need ought shall should

    shouldn't will would



NN: noun, common, singular or mass

    common-carrier cabbage knuckle-duster Casino afghan shed thermostat

    investment slide humour falloff slick wind hyena override subhumanity

    machinist ...

NNS: noun, common, plural

    undergraduates scotches bric-a-brac products bodyguards facets coasts

    divestitures storehouses designs clubs fragrances averages

    subjectivists apprehensions muses factory-jobs ...

NNP: noun, proper, singular

    MotownVenneboergerCzestochwaRanzerConchitaTrumplaneChristosOceansideEscobarKreislerSawyerCougarYvetteErvin ODI Darryl CTCA

    Shannon A.K.C.MeltexLiverpool...

NNPS: noun, proper, plural



PDT: pre-determiner 前位限定词

    all both half many quite such sure this


POS: genitive marker 所有格标记

    ' 's


PRP: pronoun, personal 人称代词

    hers herself him himself hisself it itself me myself one oneself ours

    ourselves ownself self she thee theirs them themselves they thou thy us

PRP$: pronoun, possessive 所有格代词

    her his mine my our ours their thy your


RB: adverb 副词

    occasionally unabatingly maddeningly adventurously professedly

    stirringly prominently technologically magisterially predominately

    swiftly fiscally pitilessly ...

RBR: adverb, comparative 副词比较级

    further gloomier grander graver greater grimmer harder harsher

    healthier heavier higher however larger later leaner lengthier less-

    perfectly lesser lonelier longer louder lower more ...

RBS: adverb, superlative 副词最高级

    best biggest bluntest earliest farthest first furthest hardest

    heartiest highest largest least less most nearest second tightest worst


RP: particle 小品词

    aboard about across along apart around aside at away back before behind

    by crop down ever fast for forth from go high i.e. in into just later

    low more off on open out over per pie raising start teeth that through

    under unto up up-pp upon whole with you


SYM: symbol 符号

    %&' '' ''.)).*+,.<=]]]]>@ A[fj] U.S U.S.S.R ******

TO:"to" as preposition or infinitive marker 作为介词或不定式标记


UH: interjection 插入语

    GoodbyeGoodyGoshWowJeepersJee-sus HubbaHeyKee-reist Oops amen

    huh howdy uh dammit whammo shucks heck anyways whodunnit honey golly

    man baby diddle hush sonuvabitch ...



VB: verb, base form

    ask assemble assess assign assume atone attention avoid bake balkanize

    bank begin behold believe bend benefit bevel beware bless boil bomb

    boost brace break bring broil brush build ...

VBD: verb, past tense

    dipped pleaded swiped regummed soaked tidied convened halted registered

    cushioned exacted snubbed strode aimed adopted belied figgered

    speculated wore appreciated contemplated ...

VBG: verb, present participle or gerund

    telegraphing stirring focusing angering judging stalling lactating

    hankerin' alleging veering capping approaching traveling besieging

    encrypting interrupting erasing wincing ...

VBN: verb, past participle

    multihulled dilapidated aerosolized chaired languished panelized used

    experimented flourished imitated reunifed factored condensed sheared

    unsettled primed dubbed desired ...

VBP: verb, present tense, not 3rd person singular

    predominate wrap resort sue twist spill cure lengthen brush terminate

    appear tend stray glisten obtain comprise detest tease attract

    emphasize mold postpone sever return wag ...

VBZ: verb, present tense,3rd person singular

    bases reconstructs marks mixes displeases seals carps weaves snatches

    slumps stretches authorizes smolders pictures emerges stockpiles

    seduces fizzes uses bolsters slaps speaks pleads ...


WDT: WH-determiner WH限定词

    that what whatever which whichever

WP: WH-pronoun WH代词

    that what whatever whatsoever which who whom whosoever

WP$: WH-pronoun, possessive WH所有格代词


WRB:Wh-adverb WH副词

    how however whence whenever where whereby whereever wherein whereof why

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